A surprising read
The Federal Reserve surprised investors this week, revealing that a June rate hike was a real possibility. After some initial indigestion, equity markets rallied, with the S&P 500 ending the week in positive territory.
Contributed by Doug Walters
Reloading the Arsenal
The S&P 500 managed to squeak out a positive return for the week thanks to a rally Friday, on what was otherwise a slow news day. The real excitement was earlier in the week when minutes from the Federal Reserve’s April meeting surprised many by indicating that a June rate hike was back on the table.
- Higher rates in isolation are a headwind for stock prices. However, there are positive implications of a decision to raise rates. Most notably is that the Fed sees enough strength in the economy to justify the hike. After the initial shock, stocks should celebrate that news.
- In addition, each time the Fed successfully notches rates higher, they take a step towards refilling their stimulus arsenal to fend off a future economic soft patch.
A Strong Foundation
While the Fed appears to be seeing the economic progress necessary to raise rates, we still sense a preponderance of uncertainty in market participants. It is easy to see where this trepidation comes from: the U.S. is going through one of the more uncertain presidential cycles; one of the world’s greatest growth engines, China, has slowed down; and Britain is threatening to exit the European Union.
- Each of these are real near-term concerns, and will add to market volatility in the short-term.
- To help weather these and future potential economic shocks, we have built the foundation of our security selection process on the dual tenets of Quality and Value.
- In addition, proper diversification enables us to capitalize on attractive valuations when markets experience a pull back.
|Indices & Price Returns||Week (%)||Year (%)|
|S&P 400 (Mid Cap)||0.5||3.5|
|Russell 2000 (Small Cap)||0.6||-2.3|
|MSCI EAFE (Developed International)||-0.7||-5.6|
|MSCI Emerging Markets||-1.8||-1.5|
|S&P GSCI (Commodities)||1.4||17.7|
|MSCI U.S. REIT Index||-2.7||2.8|
|Barclays Int Govt Credit||-0.6||1.8|
|Barclays US TIPS||-1.0||4.1|
The Treasury yield curve is the slope of interest rates the government charges over different time periods. It is usually upward sloping as investors normally demand a higher interest rate for a longer period loan. Recently, however, the yield curve has flattened. This development is important to monitor as an inverted yield curve (long term rates are lower than short term rates) can be a sign that a recession is coming.
Past recessions such as the ones in 1990, 2001 and 2008 were precluded by a yield curve inversion as investors expected interest rates to fall due to a weakening economy. This time however, the flattening of the yield curve is being driven more by central banks around the world than by private investors. The Japanese central bank has lowered interest rates below zero which makes long term US Treasuries relatively more attractive to buy and in turn pushes down their yields. (See more on Japan in The Week Ahead). Short term US Treasury rates are being pushed up because there is an increased probability the Fed will raise rates next month as the economy recovers and consumers spend more. These dynamics have made the yield curve less of a predictor of macro-economic health in our opinion.
A Sustainable Yen Rally?
As Japan’s Finance minister tells G7 leaders that his nation will refrain from “competitive devaluation” of their currency, the nation will report key data early next week. Import/Export data, the Corporate Price Index and an All-Industry Index on Supply Outputs are among the highlights.
- Negative interest rates continue to give a tail wind to the Yen as GDP climbed 7% in Q1.
- Japan may look to raise the sales tax from 8% to 10% in months to come.
Consumers in Focus
Strategic holdings within the consumer discretionary sector ULTA Salon & Fragrance (ULTA), Dollar Tree (DLTR) and Williams Sonoma (WSM) will report first quarter earnings next week.
- ULTA – Retail has taken a hit this quarter, but as a specialty retailer ULTA will look to snap the trend by building on recent strong momentum.
- DLTR – Almost a year removed from its acquisition of Family Dollar, DLTR looks to begin to capture some synergies found within the deal.
- WSM – Planning on a home upgrade this spring into summer? WSM sure hopes so as they look to follow suit of Lowe’s recent Q1 earnings beat.
Contributed by David Lemire , Max Berkovich
Strategic Asset Allocation
Stemming the Tide
Global equity markets looked to halt recent losses that saw declines hit the mid-single digits. Most markets remain down for the month, quarter, and year. Although Mega-caps, Mid-caps, and Large Value remain in positive territory. Bond markets have edged down recently but remain positive for the quarter and year.
After two double digit moves (down to start the year and up starting in mid-February), equity markets appear to be searching for a catalyst regardless of direction. With the Fed signaling June rate hike possibilities, tidal direction remains a mystery. The strengthening economy thesis could help push markets higher once the fear of less monetary stimulus subsides.
Noise – No Signal
Portfolio allocations have naturally rebalanced themselves although the moves remain “noisy”. No one asset class has separated itself from the portfolio to the point that signals the need to address it through rebalancing.
Take Me to Church
Health Care and Technology sectors floated to the top this week, while both the Consumer sectors continue to sink to the bottom. One exception…
- Consumer product company Church & Dwight Co. Inc. (CHD) found itself in the middle of M&A intrigue. On Wednesday the rumor (per a Spanish news site) was that fellow strategy holding, Procter & Gamble (PG), was going to make a bid. On Thursday morning, the rumor mill had British consumer goods company Reckitt Benckiser (RBGLY) buying the company. The company did not wait very long to put the hammer down on the rumors, saying, it is “not engaged in any talks with any party.”
Strategic Equity Income
Financials responded positively to chatter of a Fed rate hike in June being in play as higher rates generally mean higher bank margins. Consumer discretionary stocks were the worst sector. In other consumer related news…
- Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (WMT) had its best day since 2008 as the stock responded to consensus topping results. Comparable same-store sales were up 1% in the quarter and store traffic was up 1.5%. While low in the absolute, the results relative to expectations were solid.The hit to the bottom line from higher wages may have been overblown by analysts.
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