The resilience of the stock market rally has continued into 2021 much to the delight of investors. That euphoria has started to spill over into other tangential assets, creating potential mines for the errant investor to step on. As we look toward a pandemic recovery, we encourage investors to stay the course and enjoy all that a well-diversified, evidence-based, portfolio has to offer.
Disecting Q1 2021
It is hard to look at the first quarter of 2021 without putting into perspective where we have come from in 2020. U.S. stocks are up over 80% from their pandemic lows, and since the beginning of last year, stocks are up over 26%. Not bad considering the massive damage imparted on the economy from the pandemic. Investors can thank stimulus, which has been a constant wind at the back of investors, coming in the form of:
- Liquidity injections and historically low-interest rates from the Federal Reserve,
- Six stimulus bills from Congress, putting money in the hands of those most impacted by the pandemic, and
- The promise of a large infrastructure stimulus bill from the White House.
chart 1: A resilient rally thanks to stimulus
U.S. stocks are up over 80% from their pandemic lows, as stimulus has been a constant wind at the back of investors.
An Epic Rotation into Small-Cap Value
The pandemic has brought on stock rotations of epic proportions. Through most of 2020, Large-Cap growth stocks like Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), and Apple (AAPL) dominated performance. These stocks were benefiting from the dynamics of the pandemic as consumers and companies replaced in-person interactions with digital.
Beginning near the end of the third quarter of last year, market dominance rotated dramatically. As recovery from the pandemic gained steam, smaller companies, which were damaged and left behind in the economic fallout, are now showing signs of life. That momentum is continuing into 2021.
chart 2: an epic rotation
The dominance of Large-Cap Growth stocks in 2020 has been replaced by an equally impressive rotation into Small-Cap Value for the past two quarters.
Bond Backup Challenges Stock Valuations
Bonds have been in the backseat through much of the pandemic but jumped in the driver’s seat for a time this quarter. A weak 7-Year Treasury auction kicked off a bond backup, driving up yields in a fairly dramatic fashion. Rising bond yields may be a sign of a healthier economy, but they also pressure stock valuations.
It is a balancing act for stock investors, who, on the one hand, are concerned about rising bond yields, but on the other are excited about:
- additional fiscal stimulus,
- an improving covid environment, thanks to vaccines,
- a strengthening economy, and
- a still dovish Federal Reserve.
In the end, optimism won out as stocks continued to outperform in Q1.
Chart 3: Big bond backup
Bonds have taken a turn in the driver’s seat in 2021, with weak demand driving up yields, and at times spooking equity investors.
Micro Bubbles Forming in Areas of Exuberance
Despite the pandemic, easy-money policies from the Fed have created pockets of bubbles, generating euphoria for some and angst for others. Investors appear to be increasingly distracted by a growing number of “shiny objects,” including:
- Retail squeeze stocks,
- Cryptocurrencies, and
- Non-fungible token (NFT) art and tradables.
At the moment, none of these appear to be a source of systemic risk for well-diversified portfolios, but it is certainly reminiscent of times past, like the dot com era. None of the above items are legitimate investments, and we caution anyone who is treating them as such.
Chart 4: Areas of exuberance
Despite the pandemic, easy money policies have created pockets of bubbles of which investors should steer clear.
Year-to-Date Asset Roundup
Risk assets had a very good quarter, while the protection side of portfolios (bonds and gold) were weak.
- Small and Mid-Cap equities continued the momentum they built at the end of 2020 as recovery prospects improved.
- Bonds were weak in general, driving the dramatic backup in yields that we have witnessed this year.
- Gold, which was an excellent source of protection in the downturn, has cooled off in 2021.
Chart 5: Q1 2021 Asset Class Performance
A roundup of asset class performance in Q1 highlights a continued rotation into smaller equities.
The Q2 2021 Playbook
We enter 2021 with a warning: avoid the Siren’s song being sung by a growing chorus of shiny objects vying for investor’s attention. We have seen this before. We only need to go back to the dot com bubble to recall the lessons of irrational exuberance. History may not repeat itself, but it often rhymes.
The difference today, compared to 2001, is that most of these shiny objects are easily avoidable in a well-diversified portfolio. We take an evidence-based approach to investing, and none of these hold up as investments under scrutiny. For example:
- SPACs are called blank check companies for a reason. You do not know what you are buying, and the economics are tilted heavily in favor of the wealthy private equity funds and celebrities that issue them.
- Cryptocurrencies are largely unregulated, have no insurance safeguards, and have no fundamental underpinning value.
- Retail squeeze stocks are market manipulation with a value not justified by the economics of the underlying businesses.
- NFT art and tradables are nothing more than speculative hobbies, not investments.
As we look forward to the rest of the year, we encourage investors to stay focused on science, not speculation. Act on evidence, not emotion. This year is likely to be full of cautionary tales as risk appetites continue to rise. We have already seen one in Archegos Capital Management. One of the country’s wealthiest individuals appears to have lost everything in a matter of a few days through leverage and greed.
Avoiding this fate is not hard. We believe in taking a simple approach to investing. Simple does not mean unsophisticated, but it does mean:
- Knowing what you own,
- Knowing how much it is worth, and
- Being able to sell it whenever you need it.
The past year has been challenging on many fronts, but we have enjoyed the strength of the partnerships with our clients. Brighter days are ahead, and we look forward to being able to meet with many of you in person again.
Founded in 1979, Strategic is a leading investment and wealth management firm managing and advising on client assets over $1.6 billion.Overview
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