U.S. stocks advanced a bit this week, but once again, forward progress was driven by a small subset of mega-cap growth stocks. Apple (AAPL) was the leader, followed by Alphabet (GOOGL, formerly known as Google). As we discussed a few weeks ago, this narrow market leadership has been a tailwind for market-cap-weighted indexes, like the S&P 500, but introduces a degree of concentration risk in these indexes that we have not seen for some time.
So why are these mega-cap stocks leading the charge? They are the beneficiaries of an extended pandemic (at least in relative terms).
- Their businesses do not rely on brick and mortar stores.
- They are entertaining us while we are stuck at home.
- They are keeping us connected to our family, friends, and colleagues.
- They are providing safe online marketplaces for our purchases.
- And they are providing the infrastructure for businesses that are increasingly operating in the cloud.
The coronavirus has accelerated the adoption of these services, which only gets magnified as the pandemic drags on. So bad news is now good news for investors… Sort of. A much broader rally would be far more healthy. We would expect that to occur when the good news concerning testing, new cases, and vaccines reaches an inflection point. This more positive space may not benefit the current mega-cap market leaders. To avoid concentration risk, we consider funds, like those in our factor models, which weight holdings based on proven, persistent, positive characteristics – not market cap.
Approaching presidential elections always seem to insight investor angst. However, as the chart below shows, the party of the President has had little predictive power for stock market returns. Stocks tend to go up in the long run as a healthy consumer, and rising corporate profitability, drive U.S. economic growth. The shorter-term ups and downs of the market are impacted more by the inevitable economic cycle, and less by the differences between political parties.
Source: Blackrock, Student of the Market (August 2020). Stock market represented by the S&P 500 Index from 1/1/70 to 6/30/20 and IA SBBI U.S. large-cap stocks index from 1/1/26 to 1/1/70 (total return shown on a log scale).
Headlines This Week
- U.S. coronavirus infections are trending down but remain at a very high average of 40K new cases per day. Good news came on two fronts though: a new, cheap, quick, saliva-based test has been developed, and Pfizer expects its vaccine will be ready for regulatory review in October.
- China and Russia are pushing other potential vaccines.
- The United Arab Emirates has recruited 15,000 volunteers to test China’s experimental COVID-19 vaccine. Peru and Morocco have approved Phase 3 trials in their countries.
- Russia has announced its Phase 3 vaccine trials will be on 40,000 people. Russia called their COVID-19 vaccine “Sputnik V,” perhaps drawing the parallels between the vaccine race and the space race of the 1950s. If so, it is a risky parallel. The Russians may have been first into space, but they were far from the most successful. There is widespread condemnation amongst the health organizations of their plan to administer the vaccine widely before testing is complete.
Bet on America(n stocks)
- The U.S. may be way behind other developed countries in the handling of the coronavirus spread. Still, the stock market is successfully weathering one of the most significant economic stresses in history. Our markets remain very liquid, thanks to the Federal Reserve.
- On Wednesday, Jerome Powel reiterated that the Fed will do whatever it takes to bring the U.S. economy back to full employment.
The U.K. and Europe
- Countries in Europe are seeing a new rise in daily coronavirus cases. German Chancellor Merkel stressed the importance of everyone following the rules to avoid new lockdowns.
- The United Kingdom (U.K.) and European Union (E.U.) are stuck on key issues that would enable them to ratify a new trade agreement. Some fear that the U.K. might end up exiting the E.U. with no deal at all. A no-deal Brexit was unfavored by the majority in the U.K.
The Week Ahead
- Fed Chairman, Jerome Powell, will be speaking at the annual Jackson Hole symposium on Thursday morning.
- The chairman will most likely reiterate the need for accommodative monetary policy to boost our economy by holding the overnight lending rates near zero.
Consumer Health Check
- Consumer Confidence for August will be reported on Tuesday morning and is expected to rise. The current consumer confidence levels remain near the 2015-2016 levels.
- Personal Income for July is expected to decline slightly. Thanks to the stimulus in March, personal income remains above January 2020 levels.
- Inflation via the Personal Consumption Expenditure report is expected to rise to a, still low, 1.1%. This is the Fed’s preferred inflation measure, for which they are targeting 2%.
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